Women Peace and Security Index
New research published by Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and Security and the Peace Research Institute of Oslo’s Global placed Syria the no 1 worst country in the world for women. While the the lowest-ranking countries on the index are historically more unstable and volatile, nordic countries dominate the best countries for women’s list with Denmark on top, according to a ranking by U,S. News & World Report.
The index measures women’s well-being — based on factors such as justice, security, and inclusion . You can explore here Women, Peace and Security Index by country, dimension, story, download report and download data — in 153 countries.
TOP 10 BEST COUNTRIES FOR WOMEN
Denmark’s progressive government and societal structure enables its citizens to socially mobilize across multiple arenas; women and men both enjoy access to mostly free medical care, and higher education is also free. Additionally, the country is home to a new intersectional party called Feministisk Initiativ (or F!).
Since the ranking’s inception, Sweden has never finished lower than fifth in the Gender Gap rankings. Nearly two-thirds of all university degrees in Sweden are awarded to women, its policies regarding parental leave are flexible (and expand to spouses), and government-run bodies such as the Secretariat of Gender Research serve only to enshrine the values of equality across all platforms.
Norway earned a perfect score in overall citizenship, and ranks 2nd of 144 countries in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Report. The country has even been called “a haven for gender equality.” Norwegian political parties even introduced voluntary gender quotasway back in the 1970s.
The Netherlands has long been a pioneering country for gender equality; itsemancipation policy of 1978 ensured that parental leave, care, income, power, decision, education, and salaries remained equal between men and women, and in 2011 they instituted their “LGBT and Gender Equality Policy Plan” to legally advocate LGBT and all-inclusive gender equality.
Most Nordic countries are outspoken champions of women’s rights, and Finland is no exception: the country ranked 3rd of 144 countries in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Report, its parental leave policies are exemplary, and its Act on Equality between Women and Men literally exists to sanctify the basic tenants of equality between all genders in every aspect of life.
Finance Minister Bill Morneau’s 2018 federal spending plan — which is entitled “Equality + Growth, A Strong Middle Class” — aims to empower women and invest in them as essential proponents in the country’s work force.
Switzerland holds the number one ranking on the U.S. News & World Report’s Best Countries list, and outstrips many countries in terms of trustworthiness, environmentalism, human rights, education, public health, and economic stability.
9. NEW ZEALAND
In 1893, became the first self-governing country in the world in which all women legally had the right to vote in parliamentary elections — now, 2018 is a historical year for New Zealand as it marks the country’s 125th anniversary of women’s suffrage.
TOP 10 WORST COUNTRIES FOR WOMEN
1. SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC
Since March 2011, Syria has been engulfed in what has been referred to as “the worst humanitarian disaster of our time.” Rape and torture in secret prisons, malnutrition, andgender-based violence is reportedly an everyday reality.
“Gender-based violence continues to undermine the health, dignity, security and autonomy of its victims in Syria,” said Panos Moumtzis, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator (RHC) for the Syria Crisis. “It’s imperative we do more.”
According to a Human Right’s Watch report, only 37% of Afghan women are literate, a third of girls are married before they turn 18 (and sometimes forced out of education), the country’s maternal mortality rate is high, and women’s civil liberties are overall restricted.
According to the United Nations Population Fund, approximately 2.6 million women and girls in Yemen are at risk of gender-based violence, with 52,000 women at risk of sexual violence, including rape. According to World Report 2017, women in Yemen do not have equal rights to divorce, inheritance, or child custody as men in Yemen.
Violence against women and girls remains a serious concern in Pakistan, with offenses like child marriage, rape, murder “honor killings,” acid attacks, and domestic violence reportedly remaining prevalent.
5. CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
The CAR has been embroiled in violent armed conflict since 2013, and instances of violence against women, including rape, have been reported by the UN. “Numerous cases of violence against women, in particular sexual abuse and rape, have been reported in all of the localities that Seleka combatants have passed through,” the Special Rapporteur on violence against women, Rashida Manjoo, reported in 2013.
6. DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO
Congo has the potential to be one of Africa’s richest nations, due to its wealth in natural resources— however, it remains one of the world’s least developed countries, with at least 7.5 million in dire need of humanitarian assistance: nine out of ten people in DRC need urgent humanitarian aid. In 2010, a UN representative referred to Congo as the “rape capital of the world,” and another study alleged that 48 women are raped there every hour.
A 2010 United Nations fact sheet stated that one in five Iraqi women were subject to domestic violence, and a 2012 Ministry of Planning study found that at least 36% of married Iraqi women have experienced some form of abuse at the hands of their husbands.
According to a list compiled by ONE campaign, less than half (38%) of girls in Mali have completed primary school. Only 9% of women have parliamentary roles (a bleak figure compared to Rwanda, which has 64%), and 72% of the population lives on less than $2 a day.
According to a profile from UNICEF, 34% of women aged 15 to 49 in Sudan believe that a husband/partner is justified in hitting or beating his wife under certain circumstance, and that 34% of women aged 20 to 24 were married or in a union by the time they were 18.
Only 17% of women in the world poorest country Niger aged 15 to 24 are literate, according to a list compiled by ONE campaign (a non-profit aiming to fight extreme poverty and preventable disease). Additionally, Save the Children released a 2016 report of the best and worst places for girls based on five indicators, which included child marriage and adolescent fertility rates, and Niger, where 76% of young women were reportedly married before they were 18, and one in five adolescent girls gave birth a year on average, scored the last place in a list of 144 countries.