collective complaints- equal pay for equal work

Equality now, or…? / L’égalité maintenant, ou…?

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Equality now, or?
Collective complaints have been lodged against the fifteen Member States of the Council of Europe which accept them by the European Group of University Women, GEFDU / University Women of Europe, UWE, on the initiative of Anne Nègre, barrister, Bar of Versailles, France, for violation of the European Social Charter regarding equal pay for equal work between women and men. This is a historic first!
Reminder of the European procedure:
GEFDU / UWE at the initiative of Anne Nègre, voted unanimously in a general assembly in Utrecht, the Netherlands, to obtain as International Non Governmental Organization the qualification by the Council of Europe to file collective complaints for violation of the European Social Charter, 1961 Treaty of the Council of Europe. Which is possible since 1995. Which has never been done against 15 States and on such a violation. Anne Nègre obtained the required qualification of the GEFDU / UWE by the Council of Europe and launched the fifteen collective complaints on behalf of the GEFDU / UWE in August, 2016.
Document collective complaints:
After a long period of research, documentation, etc., she filed collective complaints against the 15 Member States of the Council of Europe accepting them, as barrister of the GEFDU / UWE, on August 24th, 2016: Belgium, Bulgaria , Croatia, Cyprus, France, Greece, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, the Czech Republic, Slovenia, Sweden, and Norway the only country not also in the European Union.
These complaints concern the violation concerning equal pay for equal, similar or comparable work between women and men of the European Social Charter.
The reply of the majority of States: denial
Various states have agreed to challenge the admissibility of the GEFDU / UWE, considering that this INGO, which has been accredited for many years before by the Council of Europe, does not have the qualifications required to file collective complaints. Associations of more than 90 years for some of them constitute GEFDU / UWE. They have been in all the struggles for the emancipation of women, but they shouldn’t be competent? We are waiting for the position of the European Committee of Social Rights, which must decide on the admissibility of GEFDU / UWE. What do these Member States fear? If GEFDU / UWE is declared admissible, the next step will be on the merits . None of those countries are respecting equal pay for equal job. They could be condemned, they should be condemned.
Equal pay is therefore far from being a reality in Europe … It is urgent to act, to mobilize for equality to progress.
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L’égalité maintenant, ou ?
Des réclamations collectives ont été déposées contre les quinze États Membres du Conseil de l’Europe qui les acceptent par le Groupe Européen des Femmes Diplômées des Universités, GEFDU / University Women of Europe, UWE, à l’initiative d’Anne Nègre, avocate au barreau de Versailles, France , pour violation de la Charte Sociale Européenne en matière de salaire égal pour un travail égal entre les femmes et les hommes. C’est une première historique!
Rappel de la procédure européenne :
GEFDU/UWE à l’initiative d’Anne Nègre, a voté à l’unanimité en assemblée générale à Utrecht, Pays Bas, de devenir une Organisation Internationale Non Gouvernementale habilitée par le Conseil d’Europe à déposer des réclamations collectives pour violation de la Charte Sociale Européenne, Traité de 1961 du Conseil de l’Europe. Et à déposer des réclamations collectives, possibles depuis 1995, ce qui n’a jamais été fait contre tous les Etats et sur une telle violation. Anne Nègre a obtenu la qualification requise du GEFDU/UWE par le Conseil de l’Europe et a lancé les quinze réclamations collectives au nom du GEFDU/UWE.
Documenter les réclamations collectives :
Ensuite après un long travail de recherches, de documentations, etc., elle a déposé comme avocate du GEFDU/UWE, le 24 aout 2016, des réclamations collectives contre les 15 Etats Membres du Conseil de l’Europe qui les acceptent : Belgique, Bulgarie, Croatie, Chypre, France, Grèce, Irlande, Italie, Pays Bas, Portugal, République Tchèque, Slovénie, Suède, et la Norvège le seul pays qui ne soit pas également dans l’Union Européenne.
Ces réclamations portent sur la violation des dispositions concernant le salaire égal pour un travail égal, semblable ou comparable entre les femmes et les hommes de la Charte Sociale Européenne.
La réponse de la majorité des Etats :le déni
Divers Etats se sont concertés pour contester la recevabilité du GEFDU/UWE, estimant que cette OING accréditée depuis de longues années auprès du Conseil de l’Europe, n’a pas la qualification requise pour déposer des réclamations collectives. Des associations de plus de 90 ans pour certaines constituent le groupement GEFDU/UWE. Elles ont été de tous les combats de l’émancipation des femmes, mais ne seraient pas compétentes… On attend la position du Comité Européen des Droits sociaux qui doit décider de la recevabilité de GEFDU/UWE. Que craignent ces Etats ? Si GEFDU/UWE est déclarée recevable que sur le fond ils soient condamnés pour non respect de l’égalité salariale entre les femmes et les hommes pour un travail égal ?
L’égalité des salaires est donc loin d’être une réalité en Europe… Il est urgent d’agir, de se mobiliser pour que l’égalité progresse..
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UWE in action for equal pay women and men

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The University Women of Europe have filled collective complaints against the European Social Charter in 15 countries stating women are not treated equal as they earn structurally less than men for equal work. As an international INGO, UWE is allowed to submit a collective complaint of violation of the European Social Charter.

The complaints for violation of the European Social Charter  for equal pay for equal work between man and women against the following states: Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Croatia, Cyprus, Finland, France, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Norway, Slovenia and Sweden can be found on the website of the COE. Only 15 countries in 47 states members of the Council of Europe accept collective complaints.

 It is a first in many ways: 15 complaints at the same time! Once they have been 7 complaints on the same subject, never 15 collective complaints. Never any complaint on Equal pay for Equal work” stated Anne Negre, Gender Equality Expert of the INGO Conference of the Council of Europe. It is also the first time that the necessity of equal pay for women and men is addressed in this way.

President  of University Women of Europe, Edith Lommerse about collective complaints :”This is a necessary step. So far discussion  has been on the mechanism and the reasons behind the pay gap, but the outcome is still the same. Women’s work is valued less and in a lot of cases women need to have more qualifications and or more knowledge to be paid equally. It is good to know that some universities have started to pay women the difference like the University of Waterloo. We aim to make governments more aware of the need to make reparations for women. It is not enough anymore to say the intentions are good but the practice makes it difficult. We need to get this obstacle for equality out of the way.

The European Social Charter is a Council of Europe treaty that guarantees fundamental social and economic rights as a counterpart to the European Convention on Human Rights, which refers to civil and political rights. It guarantees a broad range of everyday human rights related to employment, housing, health, education, social protection and welfare.

We recommend the following links for tools to help you in your activities, as well as the following additional resources:

http://wageindicator-gender-pay-gap.silk.co

http://ec.europa.eu/justice/gender-equality/gender-pay-gap/national-action/raise-awareness/index_en.htm

https://www.equineteurope.org/IMG//pdf/equal_pay_report_publication_.pdf

http://www.chatelaine.com/news/university-waterloo-salaries-female-faculty-systemic-discrepancy/

http://kvenrettindafelag.is/2016/income-equality-now-lets-walk-out-on-monday-october-24th-at-238-p-m/

http://www.msn.com/fr-fr/actualite/france/les-françaises-appelées-à-cesser-le-travail-lundi-7-novembre-à-16h34/ar-AAjHDX8?li=BBoJIji

More about collective complaints procedure here:

http://www.coe.int/en/web/turin-european-social-charter/collective-complaints-procedure

http://www.annenegre.com/egalité-equality-expert/reclamations/